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4 International / Slums and Refugees Camps

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  • 4 International / Slums and Refugees Camps

    Click image for larger version  Name:	A 3.4 International - Slums.jpg Views:	0 Size:	62.8 KB ID:	862

    More than half of the world’s internally displaced people (IDPs) live outside of camps - many of these people have found refuge in existing urban communities alongside the urban poor, refugees and migrants. The majority of these are women and children, who often stay in makeshift shelters, are exposed to violence, and struggle to access basic services, education and employment, notably due to their lack of personal documentation. In addition, the increasing urban population living in fragile states, characterized by political instability and social nequality, and often of protracted nature, is outpacing communities' and institutions' capacity to provide basic services and protect people from major shocks and chronic stresses they face.

    Today some 15 per cent of the world population lives in fragile and conflict-affected countries. By 2050, it is expected that more than half (56%) of those living in fragile states will reside in cities. The urban growth rate in these areas is exacerbating vulnerabilities and bringing more pressure to bear on urban basic services, social cohesion, and the capacity of public institutions to respond to people’s needs. The impacts of natural and man-made shocks, including climate change, could likely lead to further displacement and instability in these areas, inhibiting development gains and perpetuating the crisis-response-crisis cycle.

    As such, there is increasing recognition from development and humanitarian actors alike to reshape action and assistance in urban areas so that it takes into account these shifting dynamics alongside the complexity of cities (spatial, social, political, cultural, environmental,
    economic), maximises the effectiveness of interventions, and builds on the capabilities and opportunities present in cities (including through the use of technology), to prevent the rebuilding of vulnerability and secure sustainable urban development.
    Last edited by usa-sigmund-e1; 08-20-2020, 03:36 PM.